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Economic Section A

The agricultural or jasli year begins, according to the almanac, at the middle of Chait; but in practice the agricultural year begins with the day after Dasehra, or the l Irh of the second half of Jeth, on which date agricultural partnerships are formed f01' the ensuing year. The year is divided into three equalseasons, the hot season or karea including Phagan, Ouait, Baisakh and Jaith; the rains or chaumas«, including Sarh, Sawan, Bhadon and Asoj; and the cold season, siala or jlJda, including Katik, Mangsir, Poh and Mag-h. The two harvests are known as sawal,i for the autum or kharif crops, and sa1,hi, for the spring or rabi crops. Work begins with the first rains or, where irrigation is available, even before that. Maize and cottonare sown, and a little early jowa1' sown and irrigated for the bullocks. As soon as rain falls, the land is ploughed up for the autumn crops. When they are once sown" they do not require very much attention, as most of them are not irrigated at all. But the cultivator is hard at work, ploughing his land :tor the more valuable ispririg crops; and it is the amount of labour then expended on the ground that chiefly decides their outtum, When it is too wet to plough, there are the banks and ditches to be looked too, cane to be tied up, and plenty of odd jobs to occupy the time..