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Chapter-VII

In ancient times, one of the principal routes of India was the old Grand Trunk Road leading from Rajagriha through Banaras, Saketa and Sarasvati towards Taxila and northwest1. The course of this route indicates that it possibly passed through the territory now forming Kurukshetra district. The existence of this route leading from the northwest frontier up to Patliputra (modern Patna in Bihar) during the Mauryan period also is testified by Magesthnes2. It seems to have been reduced to a mere track. Sher Shah Suri recognizing the advantage of improved means of communications constructed a road from the coast of Bengal to his fort at Rohtas, north of Jhelum, in 1543. He is said to have established serais at different places among the road.