At the beginning of the 19th century not much area of the district was under cultivation. The land was fertile but due to the shortage of agricultural facilities only some part of the district was under cultivation. The criminal tendencies of the people of Panipat district were not much different from the people living in adjoining districts of Sonepat, Jind and Karnal. Cattle’s stealing was the characteristic crime in the district in the 19th century and early 20th century. Sometimes one or two men would set off towards the encampment of their foes and endeavour to carry off by stealth a few of their cattle. These were called simply chor (thieves). A band of six or ten such armed herdsmen would carry away the herd by violence. Such thefts were performed in a systematic manner, and the animals were moved to great distances even to other districts through a chain of accomplices.